In addition to the rapid rise of the BJP in the northeast and the steep fall of the Congress, the National People's Party is the largest regional player in three of the states in the region.
Founded by former Lok Sabha speaker and Prime Minister of Meghalaya, the late PA Sangma, the party is now being run by his children, James, Conrad and Agatha, who have shown it to his best in the elections that have just been concluded of state assemblies.
With 19 seats, the party is in second place in Congress, with 21 representatives in the Meghalaya meeting, far behind the majority.
While Conrad, the party chairman, is a Lok Sabha MP, James and Agatha have won comfortable conference seats on Saturday – one day before the second death of PA Sangma
. It seems likely that they would accumulate the numbers and the government and Conrad could become the next head minister, a development that would make his father – who had reached the post three decades ago – old.
He will probably lead a coalition government with support from the UDP, HSPDP, PDF and the BJP. It is expected that he will compete against one of the two seats vacated by the Mukul Sangma of Congress, who won from Ampati and Songsak.
In 2013, NPP achieved almost 9% of the total votes and only two seats in their pocket. This time the number of votes increased to more than 20% and the party won victories in Meghalaya, not only from its stronghold, Garo Hills.
The party also recorded its presence in Nagaland, won two places and would have extended support for the NDPP-BJP alliance to form the next government.
Founded by PA Sangma
PA Sangma, one of the founders of the Nationalist Congress Party, a breakaway party of Congress, had formed the nuclear power plant in 2012 and joined the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA).
NPP won only two seats in the 2013 polls. It also contested the election of Rajasthan's assembly that year and won four seats.
"Sangma wanted to consolidate tribal constituents and make NPP a tribal party with national presence, and if he had lived longer, that would have become reality," said Patricia Mukhim, editor of The Shillong Times.
The young party suffered a setback with the death of Sangma in 2016. But his children, James, Conrad, the national party president, and Agatha have been able to extend the footprint of NPP in the past two years.
"Both James and Conrad have a keen political insight, while James takes the most political decisions, Conrad, who is younger, concentrates on the management part," said Mukhim.
An ally of the NDA in Center, NPP is also part of the BJP-led Democratic Alliance Northeast – a conglomerate of parties in the northeast as opposed to Congress.
NPP had 20 candidates in the 2017 elections in Manipur, where four of them won. Because there was no party that secured the majority, support from NPP BJP helped to form its first government in the state.
"NPP comes as an alternative to Congress, especially in tribal areas where the BJP has not been invaded, but in Manipur all 4 winners were from the Imphal Valley and not from the hills," says Pradip Phanjoubam, editor of Imphal Free Press.
Going Alone Paid Off
Despite the existing alliance with BJP, the party decided to fight the election in Meghalaya and Nagaland independently – perhaps as a strategic move not to be too close to the Hindutva image of BJP in the two states with a majority of Western countries.
BJP & # 39; s image had suffered a setback among a section of voters in Meghalaya about the proposed relocation of beef in the center. Church organizations in Nagaland had warned voters to be wary of the saffron outfit.
The move paid off and the results are for everyone to see.